History Of India with kashmir maharaja Gulab Singh

  





Maharaja Gulab Singh (1846-1856)


Brought into the world on seventeenth Oct 1792.He is regraded as the Founder of the Dogra Line of Jammu and Kashmir.He left his nearby country for Lahore and entered Maharaja Ranjit Singh organizations as a basic officer.Clash of Gumat/Battle of Jammu 1808.Due to Gulab's Singh exemplary of the organizations in various missions on seventeenth June 1822. The association of Jammu was finally moved to Gulab Singh. He helped sikh against Miandido and as a prize was given the Jagir of Jammu on seventeenth June 1822. The delegated service was done by Maharaja Ranjit Singh under the Jiopota Tree on the bank of stream Chennab in Akhnoor and thusly Gulab Singh became Raja Gulab Singh.Gulab Singh had two siblings:Mian Dhian Singh. 


→Mian Suchet Singh or Mian Sahib Suchet Singh.Mian Dhian Singh was given the title of"Raja of Bhimber" by Maharaja Ranjit Singh. He is the longest serving Diwan under Sikh area (25 years).After the destruction of Mian Sahib Suchet Singh all his Jagirs were given to Maharaja Ranbir Singh.In 1821, Gulab Singh got Rajouri from Aghar Khan for Sikh domain and set Rahim-ul-Khan as the new Raja by Maharaja Ranjit Singh.Kishtwar was joined by Gulab Singh and was helped by General Zorawar Singh from Raja Tegh Singh (Raja Tegh Mohd Singh).After sixteenth March 1846in the Treaty of Amritsar Gulab Singh proclaimed himself as the primary Maharaja of J&K concerning the initial time limit decamation happened (second greatest primely state on the off chance that there ought to be an event of locale later Hyderabad).


 Maharaja Gulab Singh endeavored a couple crutial changes.Deptt of the Maharaja after the style of the unique Mughals of Delhi named Dafter-I-Dewani Daftar-I-Nizamat was another administrative deptt to keep land records numerous towns Dogra Kingdom was secluded into a couple of districts, and werefurther parceled into a couple parganas (region). The top in each parganas item Zilahdar (Dist official),Thanadar (Police authorities) and Qanungo(Income official).Maharaja was the most vital Court of Justice Drove out the Bombas and Khokhas( Neighborhood slant groups present day POK) from the valley.The revision of the Shawl division was a crushing issue and required the fast conside proportion of the Maharaja for this the division called Dagshaul was made.He endeavored changes in Begar framework(Constrained work), however it was not canceled during his rule.Kept the supporting of Dharmarth Trust.Development of Shahdara Shareef.


He moreover assembled strairs of Shankara Charaya Temple which is resolved to Master Shiv.Dhanidhar Fort or Rajouri Fort:Built by Mian Hathu (Governor of Rajouri), assigned by Maharaja Gulab singh himself. Fulfillment in 1855.It went probably as a Storage house for storehouses,safe spot and security justification behind Dogra Kingdom.


Maharaja Ranbir Singh (1856-1885):

2 years before the death of Maharaja Gulab Singh, he presented Maharaja Ranbir Singh as his replacement.Brought into the world on 1829 at the post of Ramgarh.At the age of 14, he was hitched to the young lady of Raja Bijay Singh.He completed the improvement of Raghunath Temple which was started by Maharaja Gulab Singh.He was a pioneer in the field of preparing and did alot for preparing. Spread out Sanskrit Pathshala in the complex of Raghunath Temple.Meant 1,00,000 rupee to set up Punjab College at Lahore He endeavored Reforms in the field of association, spread out three essential offices.(1) Dafter Nizamat.(2) Daftar Diwani. (3) Daftar Jangi

The Jammu region was isolated into seven wazarats and the Kashmir domain was isolated into six wazarats 1873, a mixed court containing a British disengaged and a typical delegated power of the state was laid out.1855, Sadar Adalats were spread out both in Jammu and Srinagar.He further created strategy for transport and correspondence. 


The advancement of the truck road among Rawalpindi and Srinagar was started towards the completion of this standard.Kaccha road was worked between Jammu partner valley.Wire joins was spread out among Jammu and Srinagar.Maharaja decreased Shaul Tax in 1868.Maharaja Ranbir Singh introduced his own money. The state mint money was closed 12 years after his passing in 1897 AD.At the moment that British cash was presented.For the initial time all through the whole presence of the express remedial Code was introduced. It was drawn upon the lines of Macanlay's Code and contained 100 fragments as it were.Maharaja Ranbir Singh breadth his around the end in fourteenth September 1885 followed by Maharaja Pratap Singh.


Maharaja Pratap Singh (1885-1925):


He Abolished Beggar system (obliged work).Chitral was over taken by himin 1891. Sir Walter Laurence started new land pay settlement which happened between1889-1895. Banihal truck road was started and got completed in 1915. It was Maharaja's secret road later opened for public use in 1922. (The essential architect behind itwas Pandit Laxman Joo tickoo)Message lines were connected with all critical towns and telephone relationship among Jammu and Kashmir were laid out.The travel industry extended during his standard as'Dungas' were changed over into houseboat used as home for Britishers.Hydroelectric undertaking at Mohra was dispatched in 1905 during his standard. It was the chief state hydroelectric undertaking with presented restriction of 4 MW at this point it is 9 MW.


Headway in the field of water system.Longest and critical being Ranbir Canal in Jammu (Chenab).UJH direct started in 1915 and finished in 1923.Shri Pratap school in 1905 in Srinagar was extended and improvement of Pratap Singh Gallery in Srinagar in 1898 was done during his rule.State spread out Forest Department in 1891

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